Half Format 18x24 cameras (9)
Half Format CAMERAS 135, from 1914 to ours days

made in USSR
Click on picture to see large model
Produced by Model description Year, Lense Picture
MMZ-Belomo Silhouette-Rapid Used Agfa "rapid" cassettes and had a spring motor built in. Great idea but the film was hard to get. Selenium meter around the lens. Speeds of 1/30 - 1/250. Focusing to 0.8 meters. Hot shoe and PC contact. Cable release and tripod socket. A 24x24 version may have been made, simple shutter 1970, Industar-65 2.8/28
MMZ-Belomo Silhouette Rapid-Auto An advanced version of the Rapid. Available with either a 28mm (f2.8) or 30mm (f2.8) lens. The features on this camera were the same except that this model came with two shutter releases for dual exposure settings, simple shutter 1970, Lira-4 2.8/28
FED Micron between the lens shutter /30 - /800 Auto Helios-89 1.9/30
FED Micron 2 between the lens shutter /30 - /800 Auto Helios-89 1.9/30
FED Micron 3 between the lens shutter /30 - /800 Auto, This last, and final, model of the Micron was the most common, and was made from 1968 through 1986. While the original model was nearly identical to the Konica Eye, the model III evolved to show a few small differences. For example, while the earlier models had a hinged film door, this version has a removeable back -- great if you have large fingers. Otherwise the features are the same. Focusing 30mm (f1.9) lens focusing to 3 feet. Shutter speeds of B, 1/30 - 1/800. Film speeds use the Soviet system (16 - 250). The built-in selenium meter sets the shutter speed and the f-stop in a programmed exposure mode. At 1/30 the f-stop is f1.9; at 1/800 the f-stop is f16. For flash use, the apertures can be set manually with a 1/30 shutter. The camera has a PC contact but no flash shoe. There is also a B setting for the shutter which sets the aperture at f1.9 -- great for night shots. Distance and auto shutter speed settings appear in the viewfinder, although you never know what f-stop gets set. In low-light conditions a red flag covers up the shutter speeds and prevents exposure -- nice touches. Also comes with tripod socket and cable release socket. 46mm filter thread. It says Micron and FED on the front -- in Russian, of course. There was also a Fed Micron 2 which looks the same, but it is a full-frame version with a CDS meter. Helios-89 1.9/30
KMZ Zenit-MF-1 About the size of a match box, the motorized and lightweight F-21 camera was adapted from the German Robot camera by the KGB. Made in a separate area of KMZ, using a special alloy, the F-21 is a mechanical wonder. Several photographs can be taken in quick succession with a spring-driven winder. The ground-off serial number is done by the KGB, this is how they scrap their equipment. Many were probably sold by agents illegally. As the cameras were assigned to specific KGB agents, removing the serial number meant no one would know who the camera belonged to. The lens is 28mm f2.8 with focusing range of 10 feet to infinity. Negative size is about 18 x 24 mm. The cassette holds 14 - 100 frames, depending on thickness of film. Shutter speeds 1/10, 1/30, 1/100 second and B. Dimensions 3 x 1-5/8 x 1-1/8, 1980. Weight 6-3/8 ounce. 2.8/28
MMZ Belomo Agat 18 Comes with a 28mm, manually-focusing (f2.8-16) lens. This ultra-compact (about the size of many 16mm cameras), inexpensive camera came in two models. The name of the camera and the name of the lens appear in English, the lens focuses from infinity to 0.9 meters (parallax indicators in viewfinder). The shutter and aperture are integrated into a "manual-programmed" exposure method. First the film speed is dialed in -- oddly enough DIN markings from 15 - 27 (ISO 25 - 400). Then the aperture is selected, there is no meter. When the aperture is selected the shutter speed is also selected. At f2.8, the speed is 1/60; at f16, the speed is f250. Built-in hot shoe with cover. No PC contact. Built-in tripod socket and cable release socket. Filter thread of 22mm. Depth-of-field scale on the lens barrel. DIN-ASA conversion scale on the back. Body pops apart to load the film. Comes with clear plastic lens cover. 1984, 125gr
MMZ Belomo Agat 18K Basically the same camera as the Agat 18 except for the following items. This model appears to be designed, at least originally, for the home market. The name of the camera and the name of the lens appear in Russian, and "CCCP" appears on the back. The film speed is dialed in -- oddly enough ISO markings from 25 - 1600. This is a much wider range that the Agat 18. There is no DIN - ASA conversion scale on the back. The lens cover is black (instead of clear) and is attached to the wrist strap so you can't lose it. The f-stop scale is the same , and the main difference between these models is that with the18K, you have the option of using a rapid film cassette system. That is, the take-up spool can be removed and an empty 35mm cassette can be installed instead to takeup the film. This makes for quick removal of film, if pairs of cassettes are loaded ahead of time. 1988, 125gr
MMZ Belomo Chaika This was the first in a compact, well-made series of half-frame cameras. Interchangable lenses, 28mm (f2.8-16.0) focusing lens. Close focusing to 3 feet. Speeds of B, 1/30 - 1/250. PC contact, cable release connection and tripod socket. Exposure is strictly manual with no built-in meter or exposure guide. The shutter release button on this series is on the front of the camera, and unfortunately a little too easy to push by mistake as you are advancing the film! This model is easy to identify from its rectangular shutter release button. Unlike the later models, this one did not have an interchangeable lens mount. It also lacked a filter thread on the lens. It had a nice little film speed reminder on the bottom of the camera, but some people are confused by this and think that the camera has some sort of built-in meter! Despite its proto-typical flaws, it is a well-made camera. Industar-69, 401g, 2.8/28
MMZ Belomo Chaika 2M Interchangable lenses, similar to Chaika III but without meter. 1972, 401g, Industar-69 2.8/28
MMZ Belomo Chaika 2 It's the same camera body as the original but a 39mm thread was added to the lens. But don't assume that because the camera now has interchangeable lenses with a Leica thread that you can slap any Leica screw-mount lens on this camera. This is NOT the case. The shutter on the Chaika II is very close to the lens mount, so that any Leica-thread lens with a protruding rear lens element can damage the shutter. Interchangable lenses, another reason for the interchangeable lens was to put the 28mm camera lens on an enlarger! So when you buy this camera, you automatically end up with an enlagering lens suitable to the half-frame format. Talk about design genius. But the lens mount was not the only change in the camera. Several other, minor changes were made. The rectangular shutter release and separate cable release connection was replaced with the typical, combined, round release/connection configuration. Also, a plastic tip was added to the film advance lever which was too small on the original model. The lens now had the advantage of a built-in depth-of-field scale, as well and closer focusing to 2.5 feet. The camera was now designed to use 22.5mm filters, although the filters had to be attached AFTER the f-stop was selected, since the aperture ring was covered by the filter. The only other change was that this model opted for a rewind knob instead of the original rewind crank. The knob is very slow to use. Shutter speeds of B, 1/30 - 1/250. Apertures from f2.8 to f16. The camera was available in several colors, such as black, grey, red, brown and green. Over 1,000,000 cameras were manufactured so they should be easy to obtain, especially in Russia. 1967, 401g, Industar-69, 2.8/28
MMZ Belomo Chaika 2 scientific It's the same camera body of Chaika 2, but with central shutter adapted for microscopy. 1967
MMZ Belomo Chaika 3 New body style and some new features. It has the same interchangeable 28mm f2.8 lens with a Leica 39mm thread. Apertures from f2.8 to f16. The main difference is the addition of a selenium meter to the top of the camera. first, dial in the film speed into the meter (GOST speeds from 16 to 500). Next select a shutter speed from 1/30 to 1/250. There is no B setting on this model. Next, point the camera at the scene and turn the meter dial until the needles match. Finally, transfer the f-stop setting to the lens. But there were other changes and improvements as well. For example, parallax compensation marks were added to the viewfinder and cold flash shoe was added to the top of the camera. A PC contact was on the front of the camera. The square shutter release of the original model made a return, but the cable release connection is completely gone. The camera does still have a tripod socket however. Another change is that the film advance lever is now on the bottom of the camera. Over 500,000 of these were made. 1971, 410g
KRASNOGORSK Zorki 12 The Zorki 12 was the last of the Zorki series, close-focusing to 0.8 meters. Shutter speeds of 1/30 - 1/250. Built-in selenium meter around the lens that sets the aperture after the shutter speed is selected. Cold flash shoe and PC contact. Camera is in black finiture and chrome, it uses Agfa rapid film cassettes only about 7,000 cameras produced, so Zorki 12 is a rare camera. 1967, Helios-98 2.8/28
KRASNOGORSK Zenit Surprise MT1 A modified Zenit 19, it came with a 42mm screw mount, and was designed for endoscopic, medical photography. Speeds of B, 1 - 1/1000. Prime lenses of 30mm (f3.5) or 50mm (f7.0). Other lenses could be used. Often called the "Surprise". 1979, Helios-98 2.8/28

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